S25 | International Migration and International Security: From the Securitization of Migration to Making Migration Secure for People?

Section Chair:

Valeria Bello,
United Nations University

From the question of making migration secure — and to the benefit of whom (Bigo 2002) — to the analysis of transnational activities of migrants and their impact on conflicts and socio-political change (Poku 2005), scholarship has increasingly found these as stimulating cases of analysis for the discipline of International Relations. Statelessness (Blitz 2011), Forced Migration (Melander 2009), the role of Diasporas and Immigrants’ Transnationalism (Baubock &Faist 2010), and the Social Construction of the Immigrant as a Security Threat (Spencer 2012) are only some key issues of concern. Recently, scholars have highlighted how using innovative methodologies (Aradau and Huysmans 2014) is indispensable today in order to properly analyze new actors and dynamics of the international system. This is particularly the case of International Migration. Migrants and their agency are among these non-traditional actors and questions of IR: only flexible lenses can focus on them without losing important pieces of the mosaics from the frame of analysis. This cross-disciplinary section aims at collecting interventions that address the securitization of migration from different angles and through flexible methodologies, in order to contribute to both the further development of this area of study and the understanding of the new directions it is undertaking. The section is divided in two sub-sections: “The Role of Migration in Issues of International Security” and “Migration as a Human Security Issue.” Some panel suggestions are as follows: the securitization of migration, climate change and forced migration, diasporas’ role in peace and conflict, statelessness and human security, migration and development in conflict affected contexts.